Ethical Hacking, also known as penetration testing or white-hat hacking, involves authorized professionals testing computer systems and networks for vulnerabilities. It’s crucial in Cyber Security to identify and fix weaknesses before malicious hackers can exploit them.
To begin a career in Ethical Hacking and Cyber Security, you can enroll in specialized courses, gain hands-on experience through labs and projects, and obtain relevant certifications like Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) or Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP).
Key skills include network security, cryptography, risk management, intrusion detection, incident response, and knowledge of various security tools and technologies.
Cyber Security professionals combat threats such as malware, phishing attacks, ransomware, DDoS attacks, data breaches, and social engineering attempts.
Data breaches can be prevented through measures like encryption, access controls, regular security audits, and employee training on data protection best practices.
Ethical Hackers must operate within the boundaries of the law and adhere to ethical guidelines. They need explicit authorization from the system owner to conduct security testing.
Cyber Security Analysts monitor an organization’s network for security breaches, investigate incidents, implement security measures, and create incident reports to improve overall security posture.
Certifications can greatly enhance your career prospects. Some recommended certifications include CompTIA Security+, Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), and Certified Information Security Manager (CISM).